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Phrygia - Region 10

Map of ancient Asia MinorMap of ancient Phrygia

Cities / Mints

1 - Abbaitis
2 - Aizanis (Aezanis)
3 - Akkilaion (Accilaeum?)
4 - Akmoneia (Acmonia)
5 - Alia
6 - Amorion (Amorium)
7 - Ankyra (Ancyra)
8 - Apameia (Apamea)
9 - Appia
10 - Bria
11 - Bruzos (Bruzus)
12 - Diokleia (Dioclia)
13 - Dionysopolis
14 - Dokimeion (Docimeum)
15 - Dorylaion (Dorylaeum)
16 - Epikteteis (Epictetis)
17 - Eriza
18 - Eukarpeia (Eucarpia)
19 - Eumeneia-Fulvia (Eumenia)
20 - Grymenothyrai (Grymenothyrae)
21 - Hadrionopolis Sebaste
22 - Hierapolis ad Lykos and Maeander (Lycus, Maeandrum)
23 - Hieropolis
24 - Hydrela
25 - Hyrgaleis

26 - Ipsos-Iulia (Ipsus-Julia)
27 - Kadoi (Cadi)

28 - Keretapa (Ceretapa)
29 - Kibyra (Cibyra)

 

30 - Kidyessos (Cidyessus)
31 - Kolossai (Colossae)
32 - Kotiaeion (Cotiaeum)
33 - Laodikeia (Laodicea)
34 - Leonnaia (Leonnaea)
35 - Lysias
36 - Metropolis
37 - Midaion (Midaeum)
38 - Nakoleia (Nacolia)
39 - Okokleia (Ococlia)
40 - Otros (Otrus)
41 - Palaiobeudos (Palaeobedus)
42 - Peltai (Peltae)
43 - Philomelion (Philomelium)
44 - Prymnessos (Prymnessus)
45 - Sebaste
46 - Sibidunda
47 - Siblia
48 - Siocharax
49 - Stektorion (Stectorium)
50 - Synaos (Synaus, Sanaus)
51 - Synnada
52 - Temenothyrai (Temenothyrae)
53 - Themisonion (Themisonium)
54 - Tiberiopolis
55 - Traianopolis (Trajanopolis)

56 - Phrygia Uncertain

Eras
 
Archaic

None known

 
Classical

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Hellenistic
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Roman
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Historical

Phrygia is an ancient country of Asia Minor, the extent and boundaries of which varied greatly at different periods. Early in the 1st millennium BC it is believed to have comprised the greater part of the Anatolian Peninsula but at the time of the Persian invasion in the 6th century BC it was limited to the districts known as Lesser Phrygia and Greater Phrygia. Lesser Phrygia stretched west along the shores of the Sea of Marmara and the Hellespont to Troas, a region afterward part of Mysia. Greater Phrygia lay farther east and inland where the Phrygian capital, Gordion (near present day Ankara) was located.

Greater Phrygia was in general a high and barren plateau; the most fertile region was the valley of the Sangarius. Grapes were cultivated extensively and Phrygian marble, celebrated in antiquity, was quarried. The religion of the Phrygians was an ecstatic nature worship in which the Great Mother of the Gods, Rhea or Cybele, and a male deity, Sabazius, played a prominent part. The orgiastic rites of this religion influenced both the Greeks and the Romans.

The Phrygians are believed to have been an Indo-European people who entered Asia Minor from Thrace about 1200 BC and seized control of the whole central tableland. Records exist of numerous kings bearing alternately the names of Gordius and Midas but their power was apparently broken by the invasions of the Cimmerians in the 7th century BC. In the 6th century BC King Croesus of Lydia conquered all that was left of Phrygia which passed successively under the rule of Persia, Macedonia, Pergamum and Rome. In the 3rd century BC, the Gauls occupied the northern part of Greater Phrygia. For purposes of provincial administration, the Romans divided Phrygia into two parts attaching the northeastern part to Galatia Province and the western portion to Asia Province. (For more historical information, check out - Phrygia.com)

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